HOW ARE CLOTHES MANUFACTURED:
The Complete Process
When we look at an item of clothing, especially something with a lot of visible parts, how was it put together? Who came up with the design? Where was it made?
Here, we try to answer all of these questions and many more about the process of manufacturing a garment from the inception of the design to the final product reaching its customers.
The process is split into various steps and sections: The pre-production stage takes care of everything that needs to be in place before the raw materials can be brought in to start the garment production. The production stage is where the raw materials are converted into finished garments and carried out by the manufacturer. The final stage takes care of transporting the finished products to the clients.
THE PRE-PRODUCTION STAGING
1. Fabric sourcing: Once the garment design is finalized, this step takes care of determining which fabric to work with and if there will be any patterns or other designs on the fabric.
2. Pattern making: The pattern makers deconstruct the garment design in a way that allows them to create the individual parts of the garment on a 2-D base
3. Creating a sample: The fabric and patterns are put to the test and a sample product is created. This ensures that the design works with the chosen fabric and that the patterns are created properly.
THE PRODUCTION STAGE
1. Receiving raw materials (a.k.a, the fabrics, and trims): The fabrics arrive at the production facility. For mass production, you need many meters of fabric depending on the client's requirement.
2. Relaxing Fabric: The tension of the fabric needs to be released before it can be used to stitch a garment.
3. Form Layout and Cutting: The fabric is laid out to check for defects and cut into piles depending on the order size
4. Laying Fabric: Takes care of laying larger pieces first and then fitting in the smaller ones. This saves fabric and cost.
5. Marking Fabric: The full-size patterns are put on marker paper, and each pattern follows a specific grain line. This process prepares the fabric for the final cut before sewing.
6. Cutting: The final cut of the fabric happens in this step. If the cutting is done properly then the sewing and final product will be as planned. If not, then there is no going back
7. Embellishments: Before sewing the different pieces of the garment together, any embellishments such as embroidery and screen printing are done
8. Sewing: This step puts together the different pieces of fabric to form the final product.
THE FINISHING STAGE
The final stage of producing a garment involves quality checking, laundry or cleaning of any stain, ironing/steaming, packaging, and shipping.